What is AgCl?
AgCl is the chemical formula for Silver Chloride that occurs in white crystalline form. The compound has no odor and occurs naturally as a mineral called chlorargyrite. It is well known for its low solubility in water. This compound can be synthesized using the aqueous solution Silver Nitrate ( AgNO3) and Sodium Chloride or Cobalt Chloride. AgCl immediately disintegrates into Ag and Cl upon exposure to light, and this is why it is used in making photographic papers.
Properties of Silver Chloride
|Molecular weight/ Molar Mass of AgCl||143.32 g/mol|
|Color/Appearance of AgCl||White powder|
|Boiling point of AgCl||1547° C|
|Melting point of AgCl||455° C|
|Solubility||Insoluble in water|
Silver Chloride Uses
- AgCl is widely used as an antimicrobial agent in deodorants and in the preservation of drinking water in tanks.
- It is also used in making photographic paper and photochromic lenses.
- This compound is also used for electroplating and polishing.
- Silver chloride is also used as an antidote for mercury poisoning as it can help with eliminating mercury.
- It is also used as a component in making alloys.